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Chat GPT and other AI Tools

AI Citation Guide

AI and your course assignments

  • Always confirm with your professor whether AI tools like ChatGPT are allowed for each assignment.
  • Always verify information and sources generated by AI tools
    • AI has been known to create false information and to cite non-existent sources
    • AI-generated text mines people's intellectual property without crediting them, which raises ethical concerns
  • Content is usually nonrecoverable; however, most citation styles have recommended citation guides for crediting these sources. See below for examples.
  • Some of this guidance may be updated as recommendations evolve.

APA style

Currently, APA recommends that you credit the author of the algorithm with a reference list entry and the corresponding in-text citation.

Rule: (algorithm author, year)


(OpenAI, 2023).

When asked to explain psychology's main schools of thought, ChatGPT's response included ... (OpenAI, 2023).

MLA style

The Modern Language Association provides detailed guidance on citing generative AI according to their template.

Chicago style

Chicago Style with footnotes

Personal communications are cited in a footnote but not in the bibliography.

Rule: Number.The originator of the communication, medium, Day, Month, Year.

Example: 1 OpenAI's ChatGPT AI language model, response to a question from author, 7 February, 2023.   

Shortened note rule: NumberCorrespondent's last name, medium

Example1 ChatGPT, response to a prompt from the author

Chicago Author-Date

Personal communications are cited within the text but not in the reference list.

Rule: (Correspondent's Full Name, medium if relevant, Month, Day, Year)

Example: (OpenAI's ChatGPT, response to a prompt from the author, February 22, 2023